Introduction

In Ethiopia, the drylands (including the arid, semi-arid, and sub humid areas) account for about 70% of the total land mass and 46 % of the total arable land. However, agricultural education and research was more focused on areas with favourable climate and significant proportion of the farming communities of the drylands were not beneficiaries. The Arid Zone Agriculture College, its current name the College of Dryland Agriculture and Natural Resources, was established to address this huge gap in education and research in 1993. 
The mission of the College of Dryland Agriculture and Natural Resources (CDANR) is to be a proactive leader in education, research and community services in the support of healthy and sustainable systems in Ethiopia’s dryland agriculture, environment and natural resources. CDANR aims to provide relevant academic programs, research and outreach services that are responsive to public needs in the drylands and beyond.

Objectives

The overall objective of the College is to address the trained human resource, technology and information needs for sustainable development of the drylands and to improved welfare of the people inhabiting these areas. The College is the pioneering institution in the country, which caters the training of high-level professionals in the field of dryland agriculture. The College thus strives to achieve sustainable livelihood in the drylands of the country through knowledge and skill promotion and triggering positive change attitudes.
More specifically, the objectives are:

  • To realize the vision of ‘education for sustainable rural development’ and food security in the drylands
  • To undertake high quality and diversified teaching in agriculture and natural resources management in the drylands
  • To conduct applied and action oriented research and render extension and consultancy services to the public so as to create food-secured and poverty free Ethiopia.
  • To create opportunities for expansion of our programs and facilities to effectively cope with our mandate of contributing towards reduction of poverty and improved livelihoods.

Academic Programs

CDANR has made significant contribution in human resource training in the past 16 years. At its inception in 1993, it started training in three areas:

  1. Department of Animal and Range Sciences (ARS)
  2. Department of Dryland Crop Science (DCS)
  3. Department of Soil and Water Conservation (SWC)

To cater the educational needs of the population, the program diversity has been increasing from time to time. In 1995 a diploma program in soil and water conservation was initiated in its continuing education program. In 1996, a diploma in General Agriculture program was launched mainly to train certificate holders working as extension agents in different regions. In the same year, a degree level summer program was initiated. 
Since 2003, it has added two new B.Sc. programs, namely the Department of Cooperatives and the Department of Natural Resources Economics and Management. The three oldest departments have also expanded their focus in many ways. The Department of ARS has expanded to include wildlife stream; the SWC program is broadened to include Dryland Forestry and Environmental Protection; and the Dryland Crop Science program is widened to encompass Horticulture Stream. The annual intake in its regular B.Sc. programs has increased from 42 students in 1993 to 700 in 2007 and in 2010/11 it was 558.

In October 2004 four post-graduate programs were launched

  1. M.Sc. in Animal Production and Pastoral Development
  2. M.Sc. in Tropical Land Resource Management
  3. M.Sc. in Dryland Agronomy
  4. M.Sc. in Cooperative Marketing (now moved to College of Business and Economics)
  5. M.Sc. in Rural Development (a joint program with the University College Cork, Ireland)

Annually, the intake of M.Sc. programs is about 20 students per program. 
In 2008, following the BPR endeavours, the college is constituted with four departments offering nine B.Sc. Degree and four M.Sc. Degree Programs:

Department of Animal, Rangeland and Wildlife Sciences (ARWS)

  • M.Sc. in Livestock Production and Pastoral Development
  • B.Sc. in Livestock Production and Technology
  • B.Sc. in Wildlife Science and Ecotourism/Park Management

Department of Natural Resources Economics and Management (NREM)

  • M.Sc. in Rural Development (a joint program with the University College Cork, Ireland)
  • B.Sc. in Natural Resources Economics and Management
  • Department of Dryland Crop and Horticulture Sciences (DCHS)
  • M.Sc. in Dryland Agronomy
  • B.Sc. in Dryland Crop Sciences
  • B.Sc. in Dryland Horticulture Science

Department of Land Resources Management and Environmental Protection (LaRMEP)

  • M.Sc. in Tropical Land Management
  • B.Sc. in Soil Resources and Watershed Management
  • B. Sc. in Water Resources and Irrigation Management
  • B. Sc. in Forest and Nature Conservation
  • PhD in Soil Sciences ( Leaflet)

New programs launched after the BPR

B.Sc. programs launched in 2010/11 include

  • B.Sc. in Biotechnology under DCHS
  • B. Sc. in Food Science and Technology (both in the regular and tailor made modalities) under DCHS
  • B.Sc. in Rural Development and Extension under NREM

M.Sc. Programs launched in 2010/11

  • M.Sc. in Agroecology and Sustainable Development under NREM with a curriculum jointly developed with the Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences and the Uganda Martyrs University. The program is financed by Swedish SIDA for the first three batches till 2012.
  • M.A. in Drylands Policy and Climate Change Adaptation, a joint program with Irish and African Universities. The program is supported by the Irish-Africa Partnership for Capacity Building. MU contributes resource persons for two courses Soon to be launched based on jointly developed curriculum with other African Universities under RUFORM (Regional Forum for Capacity Building in Agriculture)
  • M.Sc. in Agricultural Information Communication and Management
  • M.Sc. in Dryland Agriculture

The Department of DCHS is also developing new M.Sc. program in Horticulture and M.Sc. in Biotechnology. With the support of SASAKAWA Africa, a curriculum for a B.Sc. level Mid-careers development in Value Chain Oriented Agricultural Extension is prepared and will be implemented by four Ethiopian Universities including Mekelle University.

Research Areas

The College is involved in different areas of research to address the needs for sustainable development in the drylands of the country and beyond, and to contribute to scientific developments. The College contributes the highest proportion of research undertakings in the University. The College has formulated its thematic research areas following the BPR endeavour. The three major themes are:
Theme 1. Enhancement of Agricultural Production and Productivity to ensure Food security
Theme 2. Sustainable Natural Resources Management
Theme 3. Policy issues 
A good number of research projects are initiated by staff in line with the above thematic areas. With the active participation of its staff, the College is running a couple of projects financed by donors. For the first time in 2010, our barley project has succeeded to gain recognition by the national variety release committee for its new barley variety.

Publications

A number of articles are published by staff of the College in peer-reviewed international journals and the faculty has launched a biannual Journal of Drylands in 2006. It has initiated also a new series on Drylands Working Papers Series aiming to promote scholarly communications and debate among peer groups. Annual research review proceeding are published to document completed and on-going research work.

Teaching and Research Facilities

Most departments have laboratories, demonstration farms and off-campus research sites that aid the teaching-learning and research activities of staff and students. A  Establishing Research Centres at selected sites in the drylands is also the aim of the college in its transformation to a full-fledged College.

Current College Officers and Team Leaders

Dr. Kidane Giday GebremedhinPic Kidane Giday Gebremedhin

Dean, College of Dryland Agriculture and Natural Resources

Associate Professor, Forest Restoration Ecology

Mekelle University

Tel(Office): +251-344-409015

Mobile: +251-914-700599

Fax: +251-344-409304

Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it., This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

P.O.Box: 231

Mekelle, Ethiopia.

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Assefa Hdgot Tekle

Head, College of Dryland Agriculture and Natural Resources Quality Assurance

Lecturer, Environmental and Resources Economics

Mekelle University

Tel(Office): +251-344-409015

Mobile: +251914506216

Fax: +251-344-409304

Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. or This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

P.O.Box: 231

Mekelle, Ethiopia.

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Mohammed Tilahun Tessema

Chairperson, CDANR Research, Postgraduate and Community Service Council

Lecturer, Agroecology and Bee Keeping

Mekelle University

Tel(Office): +251-344-409015

Mobile: +251-913-797526

Fax: +251-344-409304

Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

P.O.Box: 231

Mekelle, Ethiopia.

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Tsegazab Gebrelibanos Gebremedhin

Coordinator, CDANR Information and Communication Technology Team(CDANR ICT)

Assistant Professor, Hydrology and Water Resources Management

Mekelle University

Tel(Office): +251-344-409015

Mobile: +251-914-767350

Fax: +251-344-409304

Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it., tThis email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it..

P.O.Box: 231

Mekelle, Ethiopia.

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Tesfakiros Semere Gebrelibanos

Head, Department of Biotechnology

Lecturer, Molecular Biology

Mekelle University

Tel(Office): +251-344-409015

Mobile: +251-920-863-734

Fax: +251-344-409304

Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. , This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

P.O.Box: 231

Mekelle, Ethiopia.

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Teklebrhan Welday Atsbha

Head, Food Science and Postharvest Technology

Lecturer, Food Science and Technology

Mekelle University

Tel(Office): +251-348402650

Mobile: +251-913765003

Fax: +251-344-409304

Email: tThis email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it., This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

P.O.Box: 231

Mekelle, Ethiopia.

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Teklit Yohannes Hailu

Head, Dryland Crop and Horticultural Sciences (DCHS)

Lecturer, Irrigation Agronomy

Mekelle University

Tel(Office): +251 -344-410974

Mobile: +251 9 11177573

Fax: +251-344-409304

Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

P.O.Box: 231

Mekelle, Ethiopia.

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Mebrahtom Niguse Asmelash

Head, Animal, Rangeland and Wildlife Science (ARWS)

Lecturer, Agricultural Science and Resource Management in the Tropics and Sub-tropics

Mekelle University

Tel(Office): +251 -344-404012

Mobile: +251-914-750891

Fax: +251-344-409304

Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

P.O.Box: 231

Mekelle, Ethiopia.

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 Alem Tadesse Haile

Head, Land Resources Management and Environmental Protection(LaRMEP)

Lecturer, Hydrology

Mekelle University

Tel(Office): +251-344-409018

Mobile: +251-926-836135

Fax: +251-344-409304

Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it., This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

P.O.Box: 231

Mekelle, Ethiopia.

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Gebreslassie Hailu

Head, Natural Resources Economics and Management(NREM)

Assistant Professor, Development and Resource Economics

Mekelle University

Tel(Office): +251-344-409015

Mobile: +251-914-789581

Fax: +251-344-409304

Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

P.O.Box: 231

Mekelle, Ethiopia.

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Letebirhan Hailesilassie Asgedom

Head, Rural Development and Agricultural Extension (RDAE)

Lecturer,Rural Development

Mekelle University

Tel(Office): +251-348-402612

Mobile: +251-914-763520

Fax: +251-344-409304

Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

P.O.Box: 231

Mekelle, Ethiopia.

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Hailay Kiros Aregawi

College team leader

Department, Administration staff

Mekelle University

Tel(Office): +251-344-409015

Mobile: +251-923-451527

Fax: +251-344-409304

Email:This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

P.O.Box: 231

Mekelle, Ethiopia.

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