Ethiopia is endowed with diverse ecology which makes it the home for large populations of different domestic and wild animals with considerable contributions to the national economy.The various products and by-products, drawn from livestock sector, play a crucial role in the livelihood of the farmers in the country. This sector contributes 33% of the agricultural GDP and 15% to the export earnings.


Livestock play a pivotal role in alleviating poverty in the livelihood of the majority of the rural and the peri-urban poor. They contribute to food and nutritional security, generate income, financial security, sustainable crop yields, employment opportunity, social status, transport and sources of power, and their manure maintains soil fertility. Additionally, animal food products such as meat, milk, eggs and honey are sources of high quality protein, vitamins, minerals and energy. Livestock by-products including hide and skins have a significant share from the export earnings. It is a well known fact that Ethiopia is a home for a good number of endemic species of wild and aquatic fauna, which generate money in terms of attraction of tourists. The potential from this huge national domestic and wild fauna, however, has not been efficiently exploited owing to the wide spread animal diseases, sub-optimal nutrition, problems associated with policy issue, limitations in genetic potential and poor management practices.

To maximise the productivity of the livestock and aquatic resources, the country needs trained human resource. Higher education provides considerable value to individuals, to the national economy, and society in general. It was in line with this fact that the department of Animal Rangeland and Wildlife Sciences (ARWS) was established in 1993 as part of the first faculty, dry land Agriculture and natural resources of Mekelle University to fill the gap in trained man power in the sector. The department of ARWS has been playing its role to trained man power in the field of animal production, wildlife, and ecotourism, in collaborative livestock research with various national and international organizations and produced useful research outputs and externally evaluated teaching packages for core departmental courses and made available to students and instructors.


  • To maintain excellence in scientific education and research as applied to animal production, rangelands and wild life management and conservation.
  • To transfer information and technology to the farming community and other interest groups
  • To provide consultancy services on livestock production, management and conservation of rangelands and wildlife

    The department is equipped with laboratories and animal farms to facilitate the teaching-learning, research and community service activities. The animal farm includes:

    • Dairy farm unit
    • Poultry farm unit
    • Small ruminant farm unit
    • Apiary unit
    • Beef farm unit
    • Feed processing unit
    • Milk processing unit
    • Forage development unit

  Modern Poultry Farm Forage demonstration Site

Dairy FarmFeed  Processing  Unit

 Milk Processing UnitWildlife African Civet cat

Small Ruminant FarmHoney harvested from Apiary


ARWS has one postgraduate and two undergraduate programs:

  • Master of Science in Livestock Production and Pastoral Development
  • Bachelor of Science in Animal Production and Technology (AnPT)
  • Bachelor of Science in Wildlife and Ecotourism Management (WEtM)

Teaching – Learning Process

  • Seven Course/Modular Teams that accomplish the teaching-learning process established in Animal Production and Technology program (AnPT)
  • Five Course/Modular Teams that accomplish the teaching-learning process established in Wildlife and Eco-tourism Management program (WEtM)

Research and Community Service Process

  • Four Research and Community Service teams recently established in each of the programs (AnTP and WEtM)
  • Undertaking various research works
  • Technical and advisory services
  • Technology disseminations
  • Information and Production inputs delivery


To contribute its role to the efforts underway to ensure food security of the society by achieving increased livestock productivity


Mission of the department is to offerquality education, research and community services to meet the needs and aspiration of the Ethiopian society in particular and the world society in general. To produce professionals trained in the field of livestock production who can serve in various governmental, public and private organizations involved in the development of livestock production.

Complete address:

Department of Animal Rangeland and Wildlife Sciences (ARWS)
College of Dryland Agriculture and Natural Resources
Mekelle University 231
Tel: +251344404012
Fax: +251344409304
Mekelle, Ethiopia